Lead-Lag Controllers Coefficients Tuning to Control Fuel Cell Based on PSO Algorithm

Author

Abstract

One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.
One of the most important Fuel cells (FCs) is Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The output
voltage of this FC depends on current loads. This paper tries to introduce, implement and control the voltage of
PEMFC, during load variations. The output voltage of fuel cell should be constant during load variation. To
achieve this goal, a controller should be designed. Here, the Lead-Lag controller is used which its coefficients
are optimized based on PSO algorithms. In order to use this algorithm, first this problem has to be formulated
as an optimization problem, including objective function and constraints, and then to obtain the most desirable
controller, PSO method is used to solve the problem. Simulation results for various loads in the time domain are
performed and the results show the capability of the proposed controller. Simulations show the accuracy of the
proposed controller performance to achieve this goal.

Keywords