The Optimal Placement of Distributed Generation (DG) to Improve the Voltage Profile and Reduce Losses in Radial Distribution Networks Using PSO

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Electrical Engineering

Abstract

Voltage profile and losses are important factors in a distribution network in which there are
variety of ways to improve them. In this paper, distributed generation (DG) is used as a solution
to improve the above characteristics. Backward/Forward Sweep load flow algorithm is used due
to the inefficiency of usual load flow algorithms because of high R/X ratio and their lack of
convergence in distribution networks. This algorithm is applied to the system and the best place
to install DG is selected by Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).

Keywords