Document Type: Original Article
Department of Computer Engineering. Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahar, Iran.
Today persons sitting at either end of the world can speak with each other with the aid of wireless technology. Mobile ad hoc Network (MANET) is a type of wireless ad hoc network which is a collection of mobile devices that creates a random topology for communication. The advantage of MANET is that it does not require any central controller or base station. MANET is only a network in which devices work as a host as well as a router. Routing in ad hoc networks has become a popular research topic. There are several routing protocols developed for ad hoc networks. In MANET, it is a very difficult task to predict the performance of routing protocol under varying network conditions and scenarios. This review paper is discussing the three approaches of routing protocols such as Reactive (On demand), Proactive (table driven) and Hybrid routing protocols with their advantages and disadvantages.